Drug-Addiction-Therapy

Top Addictive Drugs

GHB-
It is a CNS depressant. The FDA approved it in the year 2002 for its single use in treating narcolepsy. Though it caused feelings of relaxation and euphoria at first, the high doses of the drug can induce sleep, death or coma. Repeated use of the drug leads to GHB addiction and, ultimately, the withdrawal symptoms like anxiety, insomnia, tremors, and sweating.

Benzodiazepines-
Benzodiazepines like Valium and Xanax are prescribed to treat anxiety, alcohol withdrawal, insomnia and other such conditions. Though they are best for their intended uses, it is highly addictive and extremely difficult to get rid of. The National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA) established that these drugs have a shorter period, that can cause the abusers to develop a quick and dangerous tolerance to the drugs within six weeks. Once a person is addicted to this drug, the drug causes many rebound symptoms of the disorder it was initially prescribed for. Curing off benzos is a very long and detailed procedure.

Benzodiazepines

Methadone-
It is a highly potent synthetic opiate that stops the effects of heroin and the other prescription drugs containing any opiates. It is approved for the treatment of any heroin addiction, but it is found more addictive that using heroin and is found to be very hard to get rid off. The strong effect of this drug can cause it to be frequent in the attempt to get high — an addict experiences similar opiate withdrawal symptom, mixed with strong cravings and other compulsive use of the drug.

Amphetamines-
It is central nervous system stimulant that can give the users a burst of excitement and energy; these drugs can release chemicals called catecholamines, and particularly dopamine. The effects of these are extreme as it produces pleasure sensations in the brain’s as a “reward pathway” and even contributed to the addictive quality of amphetamines. The tolerance of this drug build in rapidly and also require the addicts to continually increase their daily dosage which can lead to various psychotic episodes.

amphetamines

Nicotine-
Scientific research shows that tobacco use is the leading cause of disease, death, and disability in the United States of America. About 16 million people face a serious illness that is caused by smoking. The drug acts in the same way that most of the addictive drugs do, by acting similar to an acetylcholine receptor inside the brain, while reducing the number of receptors that the brain will normally produce. For many people, the long-term brain changes caused by continued smoking can result in addiction.

Alcohol-
Even though it is legal, it acts as a depressant, as it relaxes, loosens inhibitions and even reduces anxiety. When a person consumes alcohol, the brain will release dopamine and endorphins that will produce feelings of satisfaction and also eliminates pain.